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Muscat Beaumes-de-Venise is the only wine of its kind in the Rhône Valley –

a fortified wine with a worldwide reputation, made exclusively from Muscat à Petits Grains. The vineyards grow on ancient terraces, once the home of olive groves. There are still some olive trees around, carefully watching over the growth and development of the Muscat Beaumes de Venise vineyards.

AOC Muscat Beaumes-de-Venise

History

1945
1945

Birth of AOC Muscat Beaumes-de-Venise

Traces of human activity in Beaumes- de-Venise date back to the dawn of time. Vines were planted by the ancient Greeks, and flourished under the Romans. In his Natural History, written in the first century, Pliny the Elder describes Muscat as a lively, fruity wine, long grown in Balme. He called it the “vine of the bees.”

In the 14th century, wine enthusiast Pope Clement V planted a Muscat vineyard across 70 hectares of Beaumes-de- Venise hillside. During the French Wars of Religion, at the time of the Renaissance, the vineyards all but disappeared. It was not until the 18th century that they returned to their former glory, championed by Joseph Roumanille and Frédéric Mistral wind.

In the late 19th century, the Vaucluse vineyards were almost eradicated yet again, this time by phylloxera. After nearly being forgotten, Muscat-de- Beaumes-de-Venise was revived at the beginning of the 20th century, and Muscat-de-Beaumes-de-Venise Vin Doux Naturel was awarded AOC status in 1945, applied retroactively to include the 1943 vintage.

Geography

Territory

The vineyards are located on the southern slopes of the Dentelles de Montmirail, in the communes of Beaumes- de-Venise and Aubignan in the Vaucluse.

Climate

The climate has a Mediterranean influence – hot and dry, the Mistral wind being tempered by the Dentelles de Montmirail.

Soils

A particular geology

Soils are made up of the sandy clay “Terres Blondes” created by the erosion of zaffre, a tender Miocene rock dating back fifteen million years or more.

Key figures

Key figures of the appellation

2% red
15% rosé
83% white

Colors

16 hl/ha

Average annual yield

355 ha

Production surface area

5 736 hl

Total production

18%

Exportation

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