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This iconic part of Provence with its châteaux and hilltop villages is brim-full of architectural treasures;

its charm and relaxed lifestyle have attracted numerous artists, including Picasso, André Lhote, Nicolas de Staël and Albert Camus. The vineyards grow in the surroundings of the Luberon Natural Regional Park, part of UNESCO’s World Network of Biosphere Reserves. The vines are planted between 200 and 450 meters altitude. Giving a wide range of daytime temperatures, which in turn gives the wines a distinctive edge of freshness. Although the appellation produces all three colours, it is best known for its aromatic, elegant, vibrant rosés. The whites also have good finesse, and feature the citrus notes of Vermentino. The reds are rounded and balanced with a good expression of fruit.

Luberon

History

1988
1988

Birth of AOC Luberon

Luberon has a long, distinguished history, dating back to the Lagozza Culture some 5,000 years ago. Headstones carved to resemble human figures bear witness to the presence of an early farming community in the area, while the vineyards have been there since ancient times. Wine was introduced here by the Greeks, who also planted the first vineyards, but viticulture truly began to flourish under the Romans, particularly around Aigues. A bas-relief depicting barrels was found at Cabrières d’Aigues, along with various vessels for holding wine, including amphorae and demi-johns similar to the ones depicted on the memorial stone at Cabrières. The Calvet Museum in Avignon holds an exhibit known as the “Treasure of Apt” - the finest known set of bronze wine-drinking vessels apart from those found at Pompeii, dating from the 2nd or 3rd century. The Luberon vineyards flourished in the Middle Ages, particularly during the Avignon Papacy, then enjoyed varying degrees of success from the Renaissance through to the early modern era. Growth intensified again towards the end of the 19th century and between the two world wars. Since the 1970s, Luberon’s winegrowers have been involved in a series of major projects to upgrade and modernise the appellation vineyards; as a result, they were awarded Luberon AOC status in 1988.

Geography

Territory

The vineyards extend across 36 communes in the Luberon Regional Natural Park, in the Vaucluse département. Bordered by the Calavon to the north and the Durance to the south, they lie on both sides of the Luberon Massif, except for the Combe de Lourmarin which separates the Greater Luberon range from the Lesser Luberon.

Climate

The climate is largely Mediterranean but influenced by altitude, with wide variations in temperature and cold breezes blowing in from the Alps. Luberon is one of France’s sunniest regions, with 2,600 hours of sun a year – perfect for ripening the grapes. The sharp overnight drop in temperature gives the vines a chance to rehydrate and promotes slow, gentle ripening.

Soils

A particular geology

Soils are very diverse. At mid-altitude (between 200 and 450 metres) they include Miocene sands around Aigues, limestone scree at the foot of the mountain and red clay in the Apt region.

Key figures

Key figures of the appellation

27% red
52% rosé
20% white

Colors

45 hl/ha

Average annual yield

3 363 ha

Production surface area

151 391 hl

Total production

25%

Exportation

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